Federal sentencing is very complicated. Part of it is because it’s changed recently, in the federal system, with regards to guidelines.
The way a person is sentenced in a federal case is based on a couple of factors. One of those factors is your criminal history. You get categorized based on your criminal history, what kind of charges you had in the past, and your sentences.
At the same time, you’re sentenced based on the base offense level of your charge. Different charges have a separate base offense level. That is a guideline determination, but that guideline is advisory, which means a judge doesn’t have to follow it. The judge can go above it or below it.
Federal sentencing is very complicated and requires an attorney, like myself, that can navigate through that and, also, get the judge to do certain things different so that it benefits the client.